iron sprinkles - iron deficiency supplement
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MICRONUTRIENT DEFICIENCIES  
 
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin):

Function

Thiamin, or vitamin B1 is involved in metabolism. It is part of a coenzyme (a compound that aids enzymes in activating reactions) involved in energy metabolism reactions. It is also involved in nerve transmission.

Physiology

Thiamin is water-soluble and is absorbed in the small intestine. Approximately half of the thiamin in the body is stored in muscle. However, thiamin does not remain in the body for long and must be continually replenished.

Food Sources

The richest sources of thiamin include yeast, wheat germ, pork, organ meats, liver, eggs, cereals, berries, green leafy vegetables, nuts and legumes.

Deficiency

Milling grains removes portions rich in thiamin. Therefore, in populations where white rice is a staple, it is important to get thiamin from other sources. Thiamin deficiency is known as “beriberi”. “Dry beriberi” includes paralysis and muscle atrophy. “Wet beriberi” is characterized by congestive heart failure, cardiac dilation and serious edema (swelling due to water retention). In infants, beriberi results in cardiac failure.



What are Supplefer Sprinkles?
Micronutrient deficiencies
Iron deficiency
Strategies to treat and prevent iron deficiency
Methods of Supplementation

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Links:
Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) |  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) |  Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) |  Health Canada |  The Hospital for Sick Children |  The Hunger Site, Sight and Life |  The International Development Research Center (IDRC) |  International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI)  |  Micronutrient Initiative (MI) |  The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) |  United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) |  University of Toronto |  U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) |  World Health Organization (WHO) |  Canadian Institutes of Health Research. | 


 

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